Poverty Fact Book

The Poverty Fact Book has been developed in order to understand the levels of poverty in Leeds; inform policies and assist in the City’s antipoverty agenda.

This resource contains national and locally sourced data and information to help define and analyse the
different themes of poverty. Most of the data discussed is at the Leeds district level. Some data is only
available at a national level, where this is the case; an estimate for Leeds has been calculated using
nationally informed assumptions against the Leeds population figure. 

Link to the Poverty Fact Book - https://www.leeds.gov.uk/docs/Poverty%20Fact%20Book.pdf
 
Headlines
People in Poverty
- 9.3 million people in the UK are in Absolute Poverty in 2015/16
- Absolute Poverty is estimated to affect 155,000 people in Leeds (after housing costs are deducted from income)
- A couple with 2 children are in poverty if they earn £401/week or less (after housing costs)
- A single adult with no children is in poverty on earnings of £144/week or less (after housing costs)
 
Children in Poverty
- 25,710 children in Leeds were in poverty in 2016 (proxy based on out-of-work benefit claimants)
- 66% of children in poverty were from a household where at least one person was in work in 2015/16

In-work Poverty and Worklessness
- 5.2 million UK adults that are in poverty are from households where at least 1 person is in work. This was affecting 13.5% of all working age adults in the UK in 2015/16. If this rate is applied to Leeds’ working age population, it could be estimated that over 68,000 working age adults across the city are from working households.
- Over 76,000 households in Leeds were claiming one or more local authority welfare benefit in March 2017. Of this figure, just over 13,700 (18%) householders were of a working age and in work.
- 70% of families receiving tax credits in Leeds are in-work

Wages and Employment
- The Living Wage Foundation recommend employers outside of London pay £8.75/hour from April 2018
- The Government’s National Living Wage is set at £7.83/hour for all employees aged 25 and over
- The Government’s National Minimum Wage is set at £7.38/hour for employees aged 21-24
- On average, Leeds residents are paid £12.32/hour
- An estimated 65,000 FTE Leeds residents earned less than the Living Wage Foundation’s Living Wage in 2017
- It is estimated that almost 10,500 Leeds workers are on zero hour contracts

Welfare Reform and Universal Credit
- The new under occupancy changes under Welfare Reform affected over 5,400 Leeds households in Sep 2017
- The Benefit Cap affected over 1,000 Leeds households in Sep 2017
- Over 19,000 households in Leeds now have to pay 25% of their council tax due to changes to Council Tax Support. This is an average of £156 owed per year in Council Tax by effected households.
- As of January 2017, 4,548 individuals in Leeds were claiming Universal Credit, 43% of which were in employment.

Food Poverty
- Over 25,000 people in Leeds have received food through a foodbank or food parcel provider in 2015, almost 25% more than in 2014

Fuel Poverty
- Almost 44,000 Leeds households were in fuel poverty in 2015
- Over 9,000 fuel poor Leeds householders paid their fuel bills via a pre-payment meter

Debt
- Average household debt in the UK (excluding mortgages) was £7,549 in October 2017.
- Average consumer borrowing was £3,966 in October 2017
- An estimated 19,125 people in Leeds had outstanding payday loan debts in 2016
- Almost 5,000 people in Leeds had outstanding debts with a rent-to-own company in 2016

Leeds Credit Union
- Membership stands at 31,596 as of Dec 2017
- Membership growth of 150% since 2005
- Loan book value of £7.8 million

Index of Deprivation
- In the 2015 index, 164,000 people in Leeds lived in areas that are ranked amongst the most deprived 10% nationally, the corresponding figure in the 2010 Index was 150,000 people